The Eidas2 Already in 2014, digital identity was regulated at the European level, by the hand of the eiDAS Regulation, however, this regulation has presented certain limitations, mainly as regards the cross-border use of electronic identification means. Being the European Digital Identity one of the priorities in the Digital Strategy of the European Commission, the proposed Regulation eiDAS2 was published on June 3, 2021, as a Framework for a European Digital Identity, to guarantee the proper functioning of the internal market and provide an adequate level of security for electronic identification means and trust services.
The scope of this Regulation is center on the electronic identification systems notified by the Member States, the trust service providers established in the Union, and the European digital identity wallets, although the attention is largely focused on the latter term.
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It is a product and a service that allows the user to store identity data, credentials and other attributes linked to their person, to use it for authentication purposes, whether online or offline and also to create qualified electronic signatures and seals. In short, almost a digital equivalent to the physical wallet in which we carry our ID, driver’s license, bank cards, health cards, etc.
The new eiDAS2 regulation, unlike its prototype, makes it mandatory for the Member States to issue a European digital wallet. eiDAS2 proposes the deployment of a network, Adidas, compose of nodes, eIDAS-Nodes, for each of the EU Member States. Which may be used both as Services Provider (SP) or Identity Provider (IdP) in the authentication processes for all types of public or private services.
When a service provider (SP) detects the access request of a user from another Member State. It will issue an authentication request that will be route by the eiDAS protocol to the node of the country that will act as the identity provider (IdP).
The use of the eiDAS2 protocol offers secure and cross-border communication between the nodes that make up the MIDAS network, allowing the Member States to be free in choosing the internal authentication protocols used at the national level, thus not implying any change in the current national infrastructure.
The portfolio must withdrawn. In any case, this management must be carry out without prejudice to the existing notification obligations in regulations such as the RGPD. Concerning personal data security violations.
As the European Commission maintains. These legislative developments will be a boost to innovation and the digitization of business procedures. Also seeking confidence in cross-border transactions. On the other hand, consumers will be able to continue to increase their trust in digital services.
Finally. The use of these types of identities will also help in the fight against fraud and cybersecurity threats such phishing.
The text is still in the consultation and first reading phase, therefore, it will still have to go through the procedures of the European legislative procedure. And it will not see the light of day for the time being.
In short, and in line with what we mentioned in the first lines of this article. The European Commission continues to work on its digital strategy. Seeking a true transformation in this regard. Opening up new opportunities for our companies and promoting the development of trusted technologies.
However. Active work is also being to find a balance between the above. With the rights and freedoms of European citizens. Their trust in digital services and the ethics and protection in the use of their data.
At KPMG we continue to prepare ourselves for all these legislative. And technological developments by adapting and generating new methodologies and working documents. To help our clients with the new obligations and opportunities that digital change will offer.
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